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4 axis cnc router machine
4 axis wood cnc router

4 Axis CNC Router for Wood

A 4-axis CNC wood router is a computer-controlled machine tool used for cutting, carving, and shaping wood materials. Unlike traditional handheld routers, a CNC wood router uses a computer numerical control (CNC) system to precisely control the movement of the router bit along four axes of motion.

4-axis CNC wood routers are commonly used in woodworking industries for various applications, including furniture manufacturing, cabinetry, sign-making, architectural millwork, and artistic wood carving.

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4 Axis CNC Wood Router

4 axis CNC wood routers are commonly used in woodworking industries for various applications, including furniture manufacturing, cabinetry, sign-making, architectural millwork, and artistic wood carving. The additional rotary axis provides more flexibility and opens up possibilities for creating intricate designs and curved surfaces that would be challenging to achieve with a traditional router.

The best 4 axis CNC wood engraving machine, the spindle can swing 180 degree, 8 linear tool changers can be selected to meet the needs of different processing technologies, full-scale engraving without dead angles, and can complete curved surface processing, mainly used in wood mold industry, craft industry and gift industry.

4 axis cnc wood router

The four axes typically found in a 4-axis CNC wood router are:

With these four axes of motion, a 4 axis CNC wood router can perform complex operations such as three-dimensional carving, engraving, milling, and cutting. The CNC system controls the movement of the router bit based on the instructions provided through computer software, allowing for precise and repeatable cuts with high accuracy.

  1. X-axis: This axis represents the horizontal movement of the router along the length of the workpiece.
  2. Y-axis: This axis represents the horizontal movement of the router across the width of the workpiece.
  3. Z-axis: This axis represents the vertical movement of the router, controlling the depth of the cut or the carving depth.
  4. A-axis or Rotary axis: This axis enables the router to rotate the workpiece or the cutting tool itself. The A-axis allows the router to perform rotational cuts or create intricate designs by rotating the workpiece at a specific angle.

What are the advantages of this 4 axis CNC machine?

  • More powerful functions. This kind CNC Machine can not only realize the processing of flat work pieces, but also the processing of three-dimensional work pieces and irregular work pieces.
  • Wider range of applications. This four-axis engraving machine can be used for processing effects such as hollowing, engraving, cutting, embossing, sawing and curved surface on foam, wood, plaster, composite materials, aluminum copper, acrylic and other materials.
  • Higher safety factor. This type of 4 Axis CNC Router Machine has the functions of parameter backup and parameter recovery, which effectively prevents the loss of important parameters.
  • Smarter operation. This type has the intelligent processing memory function, and supports for break point continued carving. For example, if the machine encounters a power outage, it can continue to process and it does not affect processing efficiency.
  • Stronger anti-interference. This type of machine has passed many CE tests, no matter what processing environment the machine is in, it can complete the ideal processing effect in the best working condition.
  • Better software compatibility. Adopting an open software interface, it can be compatible with the processing codes generated by various CAD / CAM design software, such as type3 / Artcam / Castmate / Wentai, to ensure the realization of various design functions.

4 Axis CNC Wood Router Parameters

X, Y Axis Working Area 1300*2500/1500*3000mm
Z Axis Working Height 300mm
Positioning Accuracy 0.05mm
Re-positioning Accuracy 0.02mm
Body Structure Welding Body
X, Y Axis Structure Linear Guide Rail, Gear Rack
Z Axis Structure Linear Guide Rail, Screw
Max. Running Speed 50000mm/min
Max. Working Speed 20000mm/min
Spindle 6.0kw Air-cooling Spindle(Optioned)
Spindle RPM 24000rpm/mi
Working Voltage AC 220V/ 380V±10%,50-60Hz
Machine Weight 2300/2500kg

4 Axis CNC Wood Router Configuration

HQD Air-cooling Spindle
(Italy HSD Spindle Optioned)
Split-type Welding Body, Fixed with Screw
Vac-sorb Worktable
(Aluminum Profile Worktable Optioned)
DSP System
(Taiwan SYNTEC System Optioned)
Taiwan TBI Taiwan HIWIN
Taiwan YYC Japan SHIMPO
LEADSHINE Stepper Motor
(Japan YASKAWA Servo Motor optioned)
Automatic Lubrication Device (Optioned)


4 Axis CNC Router Wood Application:

The 4 axis CNC wood engraving machine with swing spindle, which can realize 180° full carving, perfect for manufacturer or factory of crafts and gifts, the affordable model designed by iGOLDENCNC, combined with a competitive set of configurations.

Hot applications include: >Furniture industry: wooden doors, cabinets, wardrobes, panel furniture, office furniture, tables, chairs, doors and windows; >Crafts industry: audio, game cabinets, computer tables, musical instruments, wooden ornaments, etc.

4 Axis CNC Router Wood

4-axis CNC wood routers represent a significant advancement in woodworking technology, offering woodworkers unparalleled precision, efficiency, and versatility. By understanding the key features, applications, and optimization techniques associated with these machines, woodworkers can unlock their full potential and elevate their craft to new heights. Whether creating intricate 3D carvings, manufacturing custom furniture, or prototyping innovative designs, 4-axis CNC wood routers empower woodworkers to turn their creative visions into reality with unmatched precision and efficiency.

4 Axis CNC Wood Engraving Machine

4 Axis CNC Wood Router with Drum Automatic Tool Changer Spindle Kit

1. HSD spindle: original famous brand from Italian, you also can choose Hitech spindle and Chinese HQD spindle.

2. SYNTEC control system: from Taiwan with high performance and competitive price.

3. Yaskawa servo motor and drives: from Japan with high precision and long life.

4. HIWIN linear guide: from Taiwan, it is used for linear reciprocating stadium.

5. Working area: 1300*2500*400mm, C Rotary Axis: 180 degree.

6. Whole welded steel structure thicken to 10mm.

7. Drive System: X, Y-Rack Z-Ball Screw, Z with high precision ball screw.

8. Automatic lubrication: To lubricate rail and slide block , make it run better.

9. Schneider electrical components: original brand from France.

10. Japanese Omron Switch with long life.

11. Shimpo Reudcer from Japan: More powerful and higher precision.

12. Vacuum & T-Slot table with Aluminum sheel: Use vacuum pump and clamp fixed materials.

Waterjet Cutting Machine for Sale

 Carpentry: relief and hollow carving of hardwood furniture.

 Furnitures: wooden doors, cabinets, panel, office furniture, solid wood furniture, doors and windows of tables and chairs,

 Advertising: advertising signs, logo production, acrylic cutting, plastic molding, and various materials for advertising decorations.

 Woodworking: audio, game cabinets, computer tables, sewing machines, musical instruments.

 Panel Processing: insulation parts, plasticized workpieces, PCB, bowling track, stairs, anti-fold special board, epoxy resin, ABS, PP, PE, and other carbon mixtures.

 4-axis CNC machine is applied to aluminum cutting industry, aluminum plate, aluminum plastic plate, aluminum honeycomb plate, aluminum profile, 3D machining process, wave board production, special-shaped artificial sheet cutting, LED, neon slotted literal cutting, plastic suction light box mold production, acrylic, copper sheet, PVC sheet, artificial stone, MDF and plywood sheet cutting & milling.

3 axis CNC machine has only three coordinate axes, X, Y, and Z, while the 4 axis kit has one more indexing head than the 3 axis kit. The indexing head is a common accessory used for machining complex products. The best auxiliary tool, controlled by the operating system, can realize linkage with other axes. It is mainly used for indexing and positioning machining of workpieces. The indexing device is generally located on the spindle of the machine tool. Under normal circumstances, the machine has three basic axes, X, Y, and Z. The other rotation and feed axes are the fourth axis. The latter can realize the positioning of the tool magazine, the rotary positioning of the rotary table and the indexing head, and more advanced The system can also perform interpolation operations with the basic axis to realize four and five axis linkage.

3 axis machine tool cannot process many surfaces even if it is horizontally rotated through the table. 4 axis is better than 3 axis in this respect. In terms of programming, the difference between 3 and 4 axis is basically the same. The operator who can operate the 3 axis machine tool can quickly get started with the operation of the 4 axis CNC machine, and the operation difference will not be much worse.

4 Axis VS 5 Axis

Four-axis linkage and five-axis linkage generally refer to the number of linkage control axes of the control system. Four-axis linkage must first have four controllable axes, and the four axes can be interpolated motion control at the same time, that is, the four axes can achieve simultaneous linkage control. The motion speed during simultaneous linkage is the composite speed, and It is not separate motion control. It is a point in space that moves through four axes at the same time to reach another point in space. It moves from the starting point at the same time to the end point and stops at the same time. The motion speed of each axis in the middle is the motion interpolation of the controller according to the programmed speed. The speed of each axis is synthesized internally by the algorithm. For a four-axis machining center, it is X, Y, Z axis plus a rotation axis A (also can be B or C, the definition of A, B and C is corresponding to the rotation around X, Y and Z respectively axis, generally the fourth axis is the A axis that rotates around the X or B axis that rotates around the Y axis. This depends on the installation position of the fourth axis on the actual machine tool), and this fourth axis is not only It can move independently and can also be linked with another axis or two axes or these four axes at the same time. Some machine tools have four axes, but they can only move independently. They can only be used as indexing axes, that is, they will be stopped and locked after rotating to an angle. This axis does not participate in the cutting process. It is only used for indexing. The only type can only be called Four-axis three linkage. Similarly, the total number of axes of a four-axis linkage machine tool can be more than 4 axes, it can have five axes or more, but its maximum number of linkage axes is four axes.

5 axis machining means that there are at least five coordinate axes (three linear coordinates and two rotating coordinates) on a machine tool, and it can be processed simultaneously under the control of a computer numerical control system. Linkage means that the axes reach a certain set point at a certain speed at the same time. Five-axis linkage is all five axes. The 5 axis machine tool is a high-tech, high-precision machine tool specially used for processing complex curved surfaces. This machine tool system is useful for a country’s aviation, aerospace, military, scientific research, precision equipment, high-precision medical equipment and other industries.

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