Do you have a thought to DIY or buy an affordable 3 Axis CNC Wood Router? Browse the 2024 new 3 Axis Machine buyer’s guide as follows, we’ll provide you with the competitive 3 Axis wood routers of 2024 with expert customer service to satisfy your requirements.

What is a 3 axis CNC Router?

The 3-axis CNC Router is the entry-level and widely applied CNC router machine. Its excellent durability and stability are praised by customers from all over the world. The 3-axis CNC wood router includes the single-spindle CNC wood router, dual-spindle CNC wood router, multi-head CNC wood router, multi-processing CNC wood router with pneumatic tool changer, CNC wood router with automatic tool changer and mini CNC router machine.

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In the three-axis CNC machine, the best seller is ATC CNC router machine with automatic tool changing function; the most economical is single-spindle CNC wood router; mass production can choose multi-head CNC wood router (the most common is 1-6, 1-8 and 2-4); multi-processing CNC wood router (three processes, four processes) has the function of pneumatic tools changing, suitable for parts needing different processing technology; mini CNC router machine is widely used in advertising and small mold industry for its small volume and high accuracy.

The 3-axis CNC Router is also known as 3 axis CNC machine, 3 axis CNC router machine, 3 axis CNC milling machine, 3 axis wood CNC machine, 3 axis CNC wood router, 3 axis wood router, 3 axis mini CNC milling machine, 3 axis wood carving machine.

How does the 3 axis CNC Router work?

The 3 axis CNC Router is an engraving machine that can rotate around three axes (commonly referred to as X, Y, Z axis). The moving path of the X-axis is from left to right. The moving path of the Y-axis is from the front to the back, and the Z-axis moves from top to bottom. In daily application, the 3 axis milling machine worktable is used for machining 2D or 2.5D parts.

3 axis CNC Router machine, generally equipped with three kinds of the worktable, one is the profile clamp table (commonly used for T-slot table), it needs to manually fix the position of the board; one is the vacuum adsorption worktable, the negative pressure generated by the vacuum pump is used to adsorb the plate; the other is that dual-use table which can both absorb and clamp for the board, it’s friendly for any shape processing material.

How is a 3 axis CNC Router used?

The application of 3 axis CNC Router machine includes drilling, milling, carving, cutting, slotting, and hollowing on wood boards (such as wave boards, MDF, composite wood, solid wood). It is also suitable for leather, foam, PVC, steel, aluminum, acrylic, EPS, copper, and other soft materials.

Common solid wood: softwood, hardwood, modified wood.

Common wood composite materials: plywood, particleboard, hard fibreboard, medium-density fiberboard(MDF), high-density fiberboard, blackboard, and so on.

Woodworking industry: 3D(three dimensional) wave board processing, solid wood door, cabinet door, craft wooden door, screen, paint-free door, craft window processing, shoe polishing machine, computer box cabinet and panel, computer desk and panel furniture products auxiliary processing.

Advertising industry: advertising signs, logo production, acrylic cutting, plastic molding, various materials advertising decorative products.

Mold industry: it can engrave metal molds such as copper, aluminum, and iron, as well as non-metal molds such as plastic plates, PVC pipes, and wood plates.

Other industries: you can engrave all kinds of large relief and carvings, which are widely used in craft and gift industries.

What’s the worktable size of the 3 axis CNC Router?

2×2, 2×3, 2×4, 4×4, 4×6, 4×8, 5×10 and 6×12 in feet;

16×16, 16×24, 24×24, 24×36, 24×48, 48×48, 48×96, 60×120, 80×120, and 80×160 in inch;

4040, 6040, 6060, 6090, 1212, 1218, 1224, 1325, 1530, 2030 and 2040 in milometer.

Of course, the worktable size can be customized as your requirements.

How many bits of 3 axis CNC Router?

  1. Flat bottom bits: also called column tool, mainly rely on the side blade to carve, the bottom edge is mainly used for plane trimming, the end face of the column tool is larger and the carving efficiency is high. The flat bottom bits are mainly used for contour cutting, milling plane, rough carving, and rough carving.
  2. Spherical bits: the cutting edge of the ball cutter is a circular arc. The carving machine forms a hemisphere in the carving process. The carving process is uniform in force and smooth in cutting, so it is especially suitable for surface sculpting. It is often used for semi-finishing and sculpting of the curved surface, and the ball cutter is not suitable for milling.
  3. Nose bits: a nose bit is a mixture of column bits and ball bits. On the one hand, it has the characteristics of ball bits and can sculpt surfaces. On the other hand, it has the characteristics of column bits and can be used for milling planes.
  4. Taper flat bottomed bits: short bevel bits. Conical bits are widely used in the entire carving industry. The bottom edge of conical bits, commonly known as bits tips, is similar to column bits, which can be used for the refinement of small planes. The side edges of conical bits are inclined to a certain angle, forming sloping sides in the carving process. The conical bits have the characteristics of construction, which enables it to realize the three-dimensional clearance effect of the carving industry. The carving machine cone bits are mainly used for single line carving, regional rough carving, regional fine carving, projection carving, image grayscale carving, etc.
  5. Taper ball end bits: for short, conical bits, conical bits are a mixture of conical bits and ball bits. On the one hand, it has the characteristics of conical bits and small bits On the other hand, it has the characteristics of ball bits, and can sculpt relatively fine surfaces. Conical bits are often used for relief sculptures, projection engraving, and image relief sculptures.
  6. Taper nose bits: conical nose bits is a conical bit and a nose bits mixture, it has the characteristics of conical bits, on the one hand, can have smaller bits tip, carving machine carving fine surface, and on the other hand, has the characteristics of nose bits, so taper nose bits is often used in relief surface carving;
  7. Drilling tools: mainly used for drilling. When the holes are shallow, they can be drilled with a flat bottom bits.
  8. Big nose bits: conical bits with a large cone angle. It is mainly used for three-dimensional clearance.

How to choose suitable bits for 3 axis CNC Router?

  1. The 3 axis CNC router tools require that the size of the cutter jacket should be suitable, the jacket has a cross-section, the inner hole deformation is not round, the jacket with long-wearing time and the hole has taper can not be selected, which will easily cause tremor of the handle, and can not produce satisfactory results.
  2. The hilt should match with the jacket and be able to smoothly enter and exit the jacket. The handle must be firmly put into the jacket and fastened. If the tool jacket is used too long and the inner hole has deformation, replace the new jacket.
  3. Check the toughness and sharpness of the tool frequently. If the tool is blunt or the edge of the bit is damaged, it is best to replace it immediately. If you continue to use it, it is not only a bad carving effect but also the danger of breaking the bits.
  4. The cutter used in the engraving machine requires that the thickness of the processed material should not exceed the thickness of the cutting edge that can be cut, otherwise there will be no ideal cutting or carving effect.
  5. Cutting of different materials should adopt different tools and rationally modify the speed of cutting and carving.
  6. In the carving machine work process, the high-speed rotating tool is very sharp, we should pay attention to the body parts as far as possible not close to the processing of objects, especially pay attention to try not to wear too large work clothes, women should bind their hair to prevent accidents; 7, carving machine tool speed to maintain balance, processing speed as far as possible to keep consistent, carving and cutting process best at one go. Prevent breakage of the breakpoint section.
  7. Cleaning tools are best to use professional cleaning agents.
  8. When the tool is not used, applying butter can prevent the tool from rusting.
  9. Carving tools do not polish themselves and change the shape of the blade.

Skills for selecting cutting tools with different materials and processing.

  1. 3D carving bits with high concentration and sharp cutting edge can be used for precise 3D carving processing;
  2. The high-density board and solid wood use ridge bits are effective;
  3. For multi-layer board and plywood processing, the effect of using double-edged straight groove milling tools is better;

4. Precision small parts relief, round bottom carving bits is recommended;

  1. MDF cutting processing (for advertising mold processing), recommend a large chip removal double-edged spiral milling tools, which has two high-capacity chip removal flutes, double-edged design, can not only chip removal, but also achieve tool balance, in processing The characteristics of the medium and high-density boards, such as no blackening, no smoking, and long service life;
  2. For aluminum plate cutting, use single-blade aluminum tools. No sticking to the bits during processing, fast speed, and high efficiency;
  3. No burr cutting on the top and bottom, it is better to use single-edged, double-edged up and down bits;
  4. For metal engraving, it is better to use single-edged, double-edged straight-groove flat-bottomed sharp tools;
  5. Acrylic cutting, single-edged spiral milling tools is recommended, which is characterized by smokeless and odorless processing, fast speed, high efficiency, environmental protection, non-sticky chips, special manufacturing process makes the processing of acrylic not blown, very fine bits pattern (Even without bits lines), the surface is smooth and smooth. If you need to machine the surface to achieve the frosting effect, you need to use a double-edged three-edged spiral milling cutter;
  6. Acrylic mirror carving process uses diamond carving tools;
  7. Multi-strip milling bits are recommended for rough machining of particleboard;
  8. Metal mold processing milling tool recommended tungsten steel milling tool, the surface is plated with purple black and hard titanium;
  9. Cork, PVC, MDF, virgin wood, acrylic large-scale deep relief processing, using single-edged spiral ball-end milling tools;
  10. The use effect of the lower bits, no burrs on the upper surface of the processed products, and no rocking during processing.

The wearing parts of a 3 axis CNC Router.

Including but not limited in the vacuum tube, vacuum brush, cylinder connector, bits, and so on.

iGOLDENCNC provides all kinds of CNC router parts at the same time.

Please contact us directly for more three-axis router ideas, projects, and plans. At the same time, we can provide the 4 axis, 5 axis CNC router, and router kits, bits, and tools.