The Most Complete CNC Router Machine Customer Guide in 2021

What is a CNC router machine? This would certainly always be the initial concern when we first heard this sort of CNC router machine. In this CNC router machine purchasing guide, we mainly include the following questions:

  • CNC Router Machine Introduction
  • CNC Router Machine Advantages and also Why We Need it?
  • Main Type Of CNC Router Machine
  • Popular CNC Router Machine Table Size
  • CNC Router Machine Parts
  • CNC Router Machine Applications
  • Safety measures of Procedure
  • CNC Router Machine Training

Whether you are going to get involved in the field of CNC router machine or are already in the area of CNC router machine, this article regarding the knowledge of CNC router machine will help you understand the CNC router machine and buy it. IGOLDENCNC will share CNC router machines from the elements of equipment interpretation, processing advantages, machine type, machine core components, processing material, application industries, and so on. The better you recognize the machine, the better you can pick and utilize the CNC router machine equipment.

Part 1: What is a CNC Router Machine?

CNC router machine is a CNC wood router about the hand-held router by computer-controlled. It is always be made use of for engraving numerous products, such as wood, acrylic, PVC board, MDF, marble, rubber board, plastics, glass, and foams, crystal, and so on. Depending on the advantages of full types, broad application range, exclusive features, high processing accuracy, rapid production effectiveness, and easy procedure, CNC wood router are loved by more and more customers.

Part 2: What are the CNC Router Machine Advantages? Why We Required it?

Compared to tradition hand-craft:

  1. Save costs. Handling requirements can be satisfied without high procurement as well as training expenses. This sort ofCNC wood routercan help individuals save 30% acquisition expense, specifically for MDF, wood panel cutting.
  2. Wide range of applications. CNC wood routercan be widely utilized in the advertising industry, craft industry, mold industry, electronic devices industry, building, and construction industry, printing as well as product packaging market, woodworking industry, decor industry, gravestone industry, and so on
  3. Wide application materials. CNC wood routercan fulfill the processing of the majority of non-metal materials like acrylic, PVC board, hibiscus board, two-color board, wood board, density board, marble, fireboard, rubber board, glass, crystal.
  4. High level of automation. Compared with the past conventional processing methods, the processing performance of CNC wood routerhas increased by 50%, providing a better income profit for individuals.

Part 3: Main Types of CNC Router Machine

We have simply learned What CNC wood router benefits are. Now we detail the CNC router for common types – the most important part of this guide:

Types 1: CNC Wood Router

Types 2: ATC CNC Router

Types 3: 4 axis CNC router

Types 4: Rotary axis CNC router

Types 5: Stone CNC engraving Machine

Kinds 6: 5 axis CNC router

Types 7: Mini CNC router

Types 8: Foam CNC router

Types 1: CNC Wood Router

cnc router machinecnc router machine

This CNC Wood Router is an entry-level CNC wood router for the woodworking industry. It has the advantages of low cost, easy operation and maintenance. This CNC wood router can carry out movements around 3 various axis (such as X, Y, Z axis) all at once.

Design and typeset by CNC software and control the CNC wood router via the controller to generate X, Y and Z axis are inscribing courses to complete the processing of the materials fixed on the worktable, to achieve the customer different needs for the workpiece. This CNC wood router is mainly working on various panels. If you are simply machining on some boards, this CNC wood router is certainly your ideal selection. The standard 3 axis CNC router machine on the market also includes a multi-head CNC machine, multi-process engraving machine, etc.

Types 2: ATC CNC Router

cnc router machinecnc router machine

The ATC CNC router is equipped with auto tool changes. This type of CNC wood router can fulfill the device change needs throughout processing without hands-on involvement.

Compared with traditional manual tools, this kind of CNC wood router machine can be equipped with various knives. It is regulated by a computer system program,can automatically replace the knives you need during processing. Therefore, multiple processing requirements can be completed simultaneously, such as cutting, hollowing out, grooving, punching, slotting. This not only saves time but also greatly improves processing quality and production efficiency. Therefore, this type of engraving machine is the first choice for large enterprises.

Type 3: 4 axis CNC router

atc cnc router4 axis cnc

4 axis CNC wood router refers to a CNC router machine that can process the path including X, Y, Z, and A axis. The spindle of this 4-axis CNC engraving machine can swing to the right left and right. Therefore, the spindle can be proximally adjacent to the workpiece and effectively processed from a plurality of various angles.

Therefore, it can achieve not only a flat engraving, but also 3D engraving and some irregular workpieces. In addition, this type of CNC wood router can take advantage of the geometric shape of the tool, reducing the spindle vibration by controlling the processing angle and prolonging the service life of the machine, improving the processing stability and processing accuracy. Therefore, the four-axis CNC wood router can achieve three-dimensional work parts, such as keel, Guanyin statue, Buddha, Roman column, etc. If you have multiple processing requirements, such as 3D works, complex work parts, and irregular shape work parts, 4-axis CNC routers can meet your diverse processing needs.

Type 4: Rotary Axis CNC Router

4 axis cnc4 axis cnc

The rotating shaft CNC engraving machine is also known as the fourth axis CNCWOOD router, equipped with a rotary device. It mainly processes cubes or cylindrical works.

During the processing of the rotating axis CNC wood router, it is not necessary to repeat the rotating workpiece, saving time. Compared with ordinary CNC wood routers, the rotating shaft engraving machine reduces manual workload and improves production efficiency. In addition, since the rotating shaft tool can be processed in the layer, a higher processing quality can be ensured.

Types 5: Stone CNC Engraving Machine

stone cnc machinestone cnc machine

Stone engraving machines are designed for various stone processing. It has the same processing path as the ordinary engraving machine. Processing functions include embossing, lettering, hollow, cutting, seamless suture, surface treatment, desktop milling.

This engraving machine is mainly suitable for processing of all kinds of hard materials, such as stone, metal, jade, crystal, wood, artificial materials, synthetic materials, etc., widely used in the inscription, garden project, large scale sculpture, and craft carving, home Decoration, movie and other industries.

Type 6: 5 axis CNC Router Machine

5 axis cnc5 axis cnc

The 5-axis CNC is a high-end CNC machine that refers to a CNC router having at least five-coordinate axes (three linear coordinates and two rotating coordinates) on the machine. The coordinate axis.

This 5-axis CNC router has the advantages of high technologies and high machining precision and is specifically used to process complex curved surface working parts. At present, the 5-axis number control machine is the only means of solving impeller, blade, marine propeller, heavy-duty generator rotor, steam turbine rotor, and large diesel engine crankshaft. In addition, this CNC equipment plays an important role in aerospace, military, scientific research, precision equipment, high-precision medical equipment and other industries.

Type 7: Mini CNC Router

mini cncmini cnc

Mini CNC Routers, also known as small engraving machines, family CNC routers, amateur hobby CNC routers. The small CNC engraving machine is relatively small compared to other standard CNC machines. Therefore, it is suitable for processing smaller engraving surfaces, such as the surface treatment of the badge, sand table model, and crafts.

The small volume features a particularly obvious advantage in packaging and transportation. Packaging and transportation are convenient, which also saves users a certain degree of cost. If the motor power of the mini engraving machine is upgraded, this type of engraving machine can also be used to produce crystal characters, various types of advertising markers, and irregular plate cutting. Small engraving machines have a compact structure, small areas, easy to move and use, and will be popular with woodworking enthusiasts and the advertising industry.

Type 8: EPS / Foam CNC Router

foam cncfoam cnc

EPS foam CNC router is also known as CNC foam cutting machine. Compared to heavy metal cutting machines, the foam CNC machine is a lightweight CNC machine. This type of foam CNC router has a greater machining dimension and processing stroke than a standard CNC machine.

Especially in the mold industry, such as car foam molds, plaster molds, paraffin molds, large ship wooden molds, aviation wooden molds, propellers, and wooden train molds, this foam CNC router is very popular.

Part 4: What is the popular CNC router machine size?

The size of the CNC router machine is generally divided into small and large. Typically, the size of the small format of the CNC wooden router includes: (note: 1 ft = 304.8 mm)

600mm*900mm (2 ft*3 ft)

1200mm*900mm (4 ft*3 ft)

1200mm*1200mm (4 ft*4 ft)

Large engraving machines include:

1300mm*2500mm (4 ft*8 ft)

1500mm*3000mm (5 ft*10 ft)

2000mm*3000mm (6 ft*10 ft)

2000mm*4000mm (6 ft*13 ft)

The feed width of the engraving machine of the above model exceeds 1350 mm. The organic glass and PVC boards on the market are 1220mm * 2440mm, so these models are more suitable for customers who require large CNC engraving machines. (If the above size is not suitable for you, we can also customize according to your needs)

Part 5: Main parts / kits of CNC routers

CNC spindle

CNC spindle CNC spindle

The CNC spindle is an electric spindle that can be machined at high speed engraving, drilling and milling, drilling, and the like. From the perspective of the cooling method, the commonly used spindles on the market include two kinds of water cooling and aircooling. The water cooling spindle uses water circulation, the heat generated after the cooling spindle is high-speed, which has a good cooling effect, low noise, long service life, and high precision. The air cooling spindle is cooled by the fan, the operation is simple, the maintenance is convenient, and the cost is low. There is no need for special maintenance, so maintaining the maintenance and cost of use. This air cooling spindle is suitable for users with lack of water. If your place is cold, the water is easy to freeze, so the air cooling spindle is ideal.


Motor  Motor

The motor is an important part of the computer’s control wood router, and its performance has a strong impact on the performance of computer engraving machines. Motors are usually divided into two categories, including precision machining motors and high-power cutoff motors.

Precision machining motor is characterized by low noise, high speed, high precision, suitable for processing more refined work parts, such as stamps, nameplates, badges, etc. This type of motor is usually a low high-speed frequency converter motor. The power is generally less than 250W. The disadvantage is that the ability to cut thick materials is not suitable for cutting thick materials.

High power cutting motors are mainly used for cutting and engraving. It is characterized by high power and powerful cutting capabilities, especially suitable for cutting large molds and 3D characters. Of course, it can also make badges, nameplates, seals, etc.

CNC router table

CNC router table CNC router table

The table of CNC wood routers is mainly used to carry different machining workpieces. Different working parts of different materials and shapes require different processing tables. Common processing tables in the market include aluminum T-Slot table and T-Slot & Vacuum table.

The aluminum T-Slot table is fixed to ensure that the workpiece will not shake during the engraving. With low cost and flexible features, it is suitable for workpieces with irregular shapes or difficult to repair workpieces. T-Slot & Vacuum table consists of vacuum pumps and high quality armrests. It can be divided into six parts and eight parts for vacuum adsorption, which can improve adsorption. Open the vacuum valve, the engraving plate will be fixed directly, with convenient loading and unloading, saving time, high efficiency, and fast speed. It is suitable for wooden door processing and large-scale engraving.

Control System

Control SystemControl System

The main function of the control system is to perform computer software commands and control the work of inverters and drivers. Commonly used control systems for woodworking engraving include handle control and computer control.

The handle control system, which can save space without connecting to the computer. Simple operation, easier to learn and master. After powering down and restart, the machine has automatic engraving function, saving cumbersome manual points and improving working efficiency. The fault rate is low, the machine can run more smoothly.

The computer control system not only previews the processing effect, you can see the processing trajectory at any time or correct the program load error during operation. Each feature is displayed on the control panel and the operation is very convenient.


The rail a device that accommodates, holds, guides and reduces the friction of mobile devices or devices. The commonly used devices include round and square tracks. The round rail has a low cost, short production cycle, convenient installation, suitable for small engraving, especially suitable for simple relief. Therefore, this is the best choice for mini CNC router or desktop CNC wood router.

Square rail load capacity, stable operation, low friction, high positioning accuracy. Square rail guarantees the high-speed and high-quality operation of engraving machines and maintained high precision for a long time. Therefore, it applies to a good engraving of large engraving, which is ideal for stone CNC wood routers, woodworking engraving machines, foam engraving machines, etc.

Part 6: What is the CNC Router Machine Application?


The application of CNC wood routers in the advertising industry is mainly reflected in the engraving and cutting of two-color plates, acrylic, artificial stone, PVC board, wood, MDF, ABS and other materials. CNC router machine can be used to make badges, models, steel molds, engrave seals, furniture engraving, gifts, souvenirs, handmade signatures, signs, prototypes, stamping, printing molds, cutting advertisers, production engraving advertising lightboxes

CNC wood routers can also be used to engrave various types of two-color board logos, stone door doors and windows, three-dimensional notification boards, decorative gifts, lightboxes, two-color human statues, embossed medals, embedded lighthouses, organic board relief, three-dimensional door, etc.

Furniture industry

Woodworking engraving machine due to its high processing accuracy, simple operation, strong practical, convenient maintenance, fast processing speed, suitable processing speed. The application of the woodworking engraving machine in the furniture industry is mainly reflected in the functions of engraving, embossed, cutting, and empty, which greatly increases the artistic creativity of the furniture industry, perfect realization of furniture design and furniture manufacturing, can meet different customer demand. Common applications for furniture industry engraving machines include machining boards, cabinets, solid wood doors, craft wooden doors, paint doors, screen, craft window, etc.

Mold industry

CNC router machine in the mold industry mainly reflect the engraving of various woods and foams. This process has also been widely used in the woodworking industry, such as furniture decoration, airplane engraving large circuit boards, engraving solid wood, peach blossoms and other furniture. In addition, engraving machines can also be used in precision mold industries, toy industries, crafts and other industries. It can be used to treat copper electrodes, stamping molds, hot stamping molds, hardware molds, glue molds, rubber molds, etc., can also be used for watch and glasses accessories.

Stone carving industry

The CNC router machine in the stone engraving industry is mainly reflected in the stone lettering, stone relief, stone carving, stone carving, stone line engraving, stone cutting, stone hollowing function. And processing materials that can be processed include marble, granite, jade, blue stones and black stones.

The CNC router machine is also widely used in the technical industry, the electronic industry, the construction industry, the printing packaging industry, the decoration industry, the tombstone, the crystal product industry and other industries.

Part 7: Precautions for CNC Router Machine Operation

  1. After setting the engraving position, the X, Y and Z axis coordinates must all “0”.
  2. Adjust the engraving speed and the spindle motor speed to prevent the cutter from cutting too fast or slow in the motor during engraving.
  3. During the automatic tool setting, please note that the tool setting block must be insulated from the aluminum T groove table.
  4. When you are scratching, if you are afraid of mistakes, you can slow your feeding speed, and if you think that the carvings are normal, the adjustment speed is returned to normal, you can also simulate the engraving, see if this is normal.
  5. If there is no woodworking engraver for a long time, remember the X, Y and Z axis of the regular lubrication system to ensure the flexibility of the transmission system.
  6. The continuous runtime of the woodworking engraving machine is less than 10 hours per day to ensure that the clean water cleaning and the normal operation of the water pump are avoided, and the water-free shaft is lacking. The cooling water is regularly replaced to prevent the water temperature. Too high.
  7. After each use of a wood engraving machine, pay attention to the dust on the platform and must clean the transmissive system.
  8. The operator is best to wear a dust cover and protective glasses while operating the woodworking engraving to avoid dust, such as dust during processing, causing discomfort.
  9. In order to extend the service life of the machine, it is recommended to add certain dustproof and dust removal equipment to the woodworking engraving machine.

Part 8: Training Services of Our CNC Router Machine

You only have the ability to operate, then your CNC wood router can make excellent crafts. Mastering skills take time and exercise, if you purchase machines from IGOLDENCNC, we offer training and setting services. Our training services are primarily in this field or an initiator in some type of CNC router machine. You can come to our factory to learn, it is free, you can check the machine before transportation. If it is difficult to set up a machine, such as power cord connection, basic operation, we offer free video teaching training.


The above CNC Router Machine Buyer Guide is about what is the CNC router machine, CNC router machine type, CNC router table size, CNC router parts / kit, CNC router application, CNC machine tool precautions and training. After reading this article, I believe that you will definitely have your own ideas when choosing a CNC router machine. However, if you want to choose a CNC wood router that suits you to handle, only the CNC router itself is not enough. Materials and manufacturers are also considering factors before purchasing CNC router machines. If you have other needs or questions, you can leave a message or email tells us your needs, I am happy to help you answer your doubts.

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