How Does a 5 Axis CNC Machine Work?
5 Axis CNC Machine Working Principle
5 axis CNC machining describes a numerically-controlled computerized manufacturing system that adds to the traditional machine tool’s 3-axis linear motions (X, Y, Z) two rotational axes to provide the machine tool access to five out of six part sides in a single operation. By adding a tilting, rotating work holding fixture (or trunnion) to the work table, the mill becomes what is called a 3+2, or an indexed or positional, machine, enabling the milling cutter to approach five out of six sides of a prismatic workpiece at 90° without an operator having to reset the workpiece.
It is not quite a 5-axis mill, however, because the fourth and fifth axes do not move during machining operations. Adding servomotors to the additional axes, plus the computerized control for them – the CNC part –would make it one. Such a machine- which is capable of full simultaneous contouring- is sometimes called a “continuous” or “simultaneous” 5-axis CNC mill. The two additional axes can also be incorporated at the machining head, or split – one axis on the table and one on the head.
How much is a 5 axis CNC?
If you have an idea to buy or DIY 5 axis CNC router kits, you may wonder how much does it cost? how to get a final price? According to different machine configurations, you will get the price range from $80,000.00 to $150,000.00. If you want to buy overseas, the fee of customs clearance, tax, and shipping costs should be included in the final price.
The reasons why 5 axis CNC price is high lie in the machine configurations and the unparallelled benefits the 5 axis CNC machine brings. Most of the machine parts adopt heavy-duty and high-quality ones to endure the heavy loading of processing. So the 5 axis machine has a higher manufacturing cost. In addition, it has features of excellent precision, high efficiency, stable product quality, labor-saving, etc. All these features make it a perfect and ideal machine for the high-tech and high-precision industries.
That’s also why the 5 axis CNC machine price is high. Apart from industry-level models, there are also some hobby 5 axis CNC machine models. They usually have a simple structure and functions. The hobby 5 axis CNC router price is relatively cheaper than the industrial type.
what is a 5 axis cnc machine
5 axis CNC router machine is a type of multi axis 3D machining center with CNC controller, which is different from 3D printer, it is somewhat like the 3 axis and 4 axis CNC machine, but five axis CNC machine has two additional axis they can move along. These additional axis will allow for shorter project time due to their capability of cutting five edges of the material simultaneously. However, due to the fact that these five axis machines have a longer X-axis, which makes for less stability and accuracy-potentially requiring more of your attention than a 3 axis or 4 axis CNC router.
What can a 5 axis CNC machining center do?
The five-axis machining center can process planes, curved and inclined surfaces, oblique holes, 2D and 3D curved surfaces, and 3D lines. Besides, a 5 axis CNC machine can realize continuous milling, engraving, drilling, and sawing in all directions with one fixing and positioning of the workpiece.
The high-precision 5 axis machining centers have extensive applications in the furniture, molding, construction, machine manufacturing, civil and military industries. It can be used to produce:
Box-type parts, like automobile engine cylinder heads, clutch and gearbox housing, pumps
Complex curved surfaces, like bevel gear wheels, pinions, impellers
Irregular parts, including drilling, milling, boring, expanding, reaming, and rigid tapping processes
Molds, such as ship molds, automotive molds, construction molds
Statues and sculptures
Large-sized wood furniture Styrofoam or gypsum models.